Veteran of Chinese Communist wars against Guomindang and Japanese forces. Served under Mao Zedong as member of China's Politburo, as Vice-Chairman (1958) and Defense Minister (1959). Lin is widely credited as the architect of China's Cultural Revolution and was responsible for the development of Mao Zedong's "Little Red Book." Lin was designated as Mao's successor in 1966 but fell out of favor in 1970. Sensing his downfall, Lin reportedly became involved in a coup attempt and attempted to flee to the USSR once the alleged plot became exposed. During his attempted flight from prosecution, his plane crashed in Mongolia, resulting in his death.