Chinese communist politician. Fought as part of communist forces in China during struggles angainst the Guomindang and Imperial Japanese forces. Held position of Chairman of the People's Republic of China and widely totued as the successor of Mao Zedong from 1959 until his purge from the CCP in 1968. Died of medical neglect while in captivity. Posthumously rehabilitated by the CCP following the death of Mao Zedong.